The arab spring was a revolution of the hungry the. I think it could be worse looking at the arab spring as an off shoot of the sudan split if you want to go in the direction of a parrallele with 1848 revolutions. From arab spring to global revolution in an excerpt from his book why its still kicking off everywhere, paul mason argues that a global protest movement, based on social networks, is. Noted authorities writing specifically for this volume contribute chapters focusing on countries directly or indirectly involved, illuminating the immediate and longterm impacts of the revolutions in the region and throughout the world. Praise for the arab springs democratic motivations is premature. What the arab spring means for sudan that have unified the bulk of world opinion against them, it seems inevitable that a tipping point will eventually be reached regarding sudan, when one too many atrocities are committed, followed by a unified call for change. Instead, social media acted as a catalyst for revolution, as in the case of egypt, where. Social media and revolution in the arab world youtube. From revolution to civil war 78 zones and does not tightly define civil war versus other intrastate conflict. Youth frustration and the arab spring 3 mohammed bouazizi, the young street vendor who set himself ablaze in public in late 2010, did not intend to start a revolution in tunisia. May 27, 2011 using sarkar theory of the social cycle, encapsulated in his broader theory titled prout, the arab spring is a vipran an intellectual ideabased revolution. The arab spring was a series of antigovernment protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across the middle east in early 2011. Between expectations and disillusion abstract the 1979 iranian revolution undoubtedly belongs to the great revolutions of modern times all of which were characterized by universalistic efforts and the claim to have set.
Like the french revolution, it could play out over decades and reshape the region. Koert debeuf is the director of the tahrir institute for middle east policy europe and the author of inside the arab revolution. By thanassis cambanis globe correspondent, august 23, 2015, 12. But their purpose, relative success, and outcome remain hotly disputed in arab countries, among foreign observers, and between world powers looking to cash in on the changing map of the middle east. Jan 02, 2014 i think one way to look at it is not to compare the arab spring to eastern europe in the 1990s. Egyptian revolution, also known as arab spring or arab uprising, was a shock for international community because egypt has been seen as one of the strongest military state in north africa region. Development of conflict in arab spring libya and syria. When your political process fails you, theres really only one option left. Davin chor is assistant professor of economics, singapore management university, singapore. Then, a frustrated tunisian fruit vendor summoned his fellows to a new history, and millions heeded his call. Praise for the arab spring s democratic motivations is premature. Reflections on human rights understandings in light of the arab spring vida hamd abstract at the outset of the arab spring, human rights were more than merely popular demands emanating from mass demonstrations. As egyptians mark seventh year since 2011 revolution, authorities seal off tahrir square to prevent potential protests.
To politically analyze the neverending arab spring, is a difficult task today as the arab spring continues to evolve and change by daily events. People started protests and riots against the existing issues in the region. And their night will then begin to fade, and their chains break and fall. The aftermath of the arab spring simon tisdall opinion. Demonstrators expressing political and economic grievances faced violent crackdowns by their countries security forces. Revolution and beyond on your kindle in under a minute. Different groups with sometimes similar and oftentimes disparate ideals compete for change in the face of entrenched and powerful regimes based oftentimes on a plethora of reasons. T he aftermath of revolution is never pretty or neat.
But some arab spring countries are coping better than others with the impact of this years regionwide. The arab springs violent turn the national interest. Egypt marks seventh anniversary of arab spring uprising. Revolution is an inherently convoluted and complex affair. I think one way to look at it is not to compare the arab spring to eastern europe in the 1990s. The cases of tunisia and egypt contributing factors to the. In his 1993 sociological study of the arab societies, culture and state, barakat stated confidently that one should expect the first arab popular revolution to take place in egypt or tunisia. From arab spring to global revolution paul mason world. The term spring is a metaphor, which recalls the brief czechoslovakian spring of 1968, quickly halted by the red army of the soviet union. The parrallele could be the 1789 revolution and south sudan revolutionliberation war which generates a bloow of. To politically analyze the neverending arab spring, is a difficult task today as the arab spring continues to. Causes, consequences, and implications if, one day, a people desire to live, then fate will answer their call.
Instead of the vipran religious revolution, this has been the vipran magna carta revolution with a focus on more rights for more people. Twitter and youtube certainly played a role in the way the arab spring unfolded, their influence was far less critical than many had suggested. The celebrations were not as lavish as the previous year, when gaddafi triumphantly commemorated 40 years in power by inviting thousands of musicians, dancers and politicians from around the world, but they offered a rare insight into the preoccupations of one of. The tunisian revolution, also called the jasmine revolution, was an intensive 28day campaign of civil resistance. Arab spring, wave of prodemocracy protests and uprisings that took place in the middle east and north africa beginning in 2010, challenging some of the regions entrenched authoritarian regimes. Alex warren is a director of frontier, a middle east and north africa consultancy. But some arab spring countries are coping better than others with the impact of this years regionwide unrest and its unpredictable consequences. The case of the arab spring, especially tunisia and egypt, showcase these complexities of revolution.
Aug 28, 2019 the arab spring was a series of antigovernment protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across the middle east in early 2011. The arab world cant feed itself, and thats how the regions dictators like it. The reasons and economic and political consequences of arab. While the uprising in tunisia led to some improvements in the country from a humanrights perspective, not all of the nations that witnessed such social and political. The term arab spring, while controversial, has come to represent the events that have rocked this region since the beginning of 2011. The arab spring has brought down regimes in some arab countries, sparked mass violence in others, while some governments managed to delay the trouble with a mix of repression, promise of reform, and state largesse. A year of revolution a year ago, a tunisian fruitseller set himself on fire after being humiliated by a police officer. The reasons and economic and political consequences of arab spring 43 egypt, where arab spring lasted longer, is one of the largest countries in africa with its advantages such as its location, tourism revenues and logistics moaddel, 2012. Campante is assistant professor of public policy, harvard kennedy school, cambridge, massachusetts.
Reflections on human rights understandings in light of the. Ben alis in tunisia on 17 january, mubaraks in egypt on 11 february, qadhafis in libya on 23 august, and saleh in yemen. The arab spring revolution is also known as the arab uprising began in december in 2010. Its origin was tunisia where mohammed bouazizi a vendor, set himself ablaze in protest to police harassment terryn et al. The arab spring at one a year of living dangerously. Rebellion, revolution and a new world order by toby manhire available from rakuten kobo. Yet, the legacy of a similar uprising the arab revolt of 1916 to expel fourcenturyold ottoman rule carries many lessons for the arab spring. The third arab awakening came in the nick of time, and it may still usher in freedom. Analysis of the arab spring 3 blunders in state response, in particular using a heavyhanded approach and trying to crush opposition, had the reverse effect of galvanising more people to. Schooling, economic opportunities, and the arab spring filipe r. In the aftermath of the arab spring, democracy in the arab world seems farther away today than at any point in the last 25 years. Terrible rulers, sullen populations, a terrorist fringe the arabs exceptionalism was becoming not just a human disaster but a moral one.
Revolution, counterrevolution and the making of a new era. Here we shall use the more encompassing concept of transformation to describe the political events taking place in arab countries. His suicide became a means for the occurrence of tunisian revolution and widespread arab spring. They were a prelude to the ousting of heads of state and regime leaderships in yemen, libya, egypt and tunisia. The battle for the arab spring by lin noueihed and alex warren is a highly worthwhile read for a clear analysis of the discontent that fed the popular uprisings and what the aftermath might bring to the arab world. He certainly could not have foreseen that he would motivate the peoples of the arab world1 to seek social change in the collection of demonstrations. Thi s researc h articl e attempts to scrutinize the nature and cause s of the ara b uprising s which too k people by surpris e globall y throughou t 2011 and int o 2012. The revolution had been building up for decades in egypt, he says.
The book is so rich, careful and systematic in making its case that i expect it to define a new paradigm regarding the nature of revolution itself. After this ordeal, many arab countries for instance lebanon, syria, egypt, morocco, oman and yemen experienced bouts of protests. Egyptian military is not only in charge of the defence of the country but also. I think the better comparison is to the revolutions of 1848 in europe, which were very tumultuous. The arab spring was a revolution of the hungry the boston globe. More than an arab spring 37 a tsunami of change 39 the arab versus the french revolution 40 iii. Get your kindle here, or download a free kindle reading app. Using sarkar theory of the social cycle, encapsulated in his broader theory titled prout, the arab spring is a vipran an intellectual ideabased revolution. I think there was a loss of faith in working within the system, and thats when people began to think more and more about civil disobedience, mass protests and going out in to the streets, he says. Revolution, counterrevolution and the making of a new era noueihed, lin, warren, alex on. The reasons and economic and political consequences of. Apr 03, 2012 was the arab spring really a facebook revolution. Jul 06, 2011 t he aftermath of revolution is never pretty or neat. Reflections from october 2011 to september 20 67 1.
If it is to ever arrive, it will likely be through a more evolutionary and elitedriven process. The roots and causes of the 2011 arab uprisings kamal eldin osman salih abstract. Arab spring, arab revolution, arab awakening or arab uprising. What the arab spring means for sudan enough project. Al jazeera englishs new program the stream attempts to demonstrate the critical role of social media in the recent revolutions unfolding across the arab world. An egyptian street vender selling bread walked past clashes near cairos. Technologys role in the arab spring protests youtube. Today, the arabs are rising against their despotic regimes and leaders in search for liberty and freedom. At the time of writing, the arab spring has seen the collapse of four heads of the regions authoritarian regimes. Revolution without revolutionaries is both a history of the arab spring and a history of revolution writ broadly. Beginning in tunisia, and spreading to as many as seventeen arab countries, the street protests of the arab spring in 2011 empowered citizens and banished their fear of speaking out against governments. Very few analysts of the arab societies foresaw a mass movement on such a scale that might threaten the existing order. The arab uprisings have been defined as spring or revolutions from the very beginning.
The battle for the arab spring is lucidly written and includes a wealth of astute analysis on the politics of the region, from morocco to oman. The event set off uprisings across north africa and the. Spring was not a uni ed revolution on the model of east europe in the late 1980s, but a series of national uprisings in response to national and regionalinternational socioeconomic grievances. Recent sectarian clashes suggest a much darker outcome. As ekaterina stepanova argues in her study concerning the role of information and communications technologies in the arab spring, social networks largely contributed to political and social mobilisation but didnt play a decisive and independent role in it. The arab spring was a series of protests and uprisings in the middle east that began with unrest in tunisia in late 2010. She has reported from the middle east for twelve years, covering politics, economics, and conflict. In this book, noted author asef bayatwhose life as politics anticipated the arab springuncovers why this occurred, and what made these uprisings so distinct from those that came before. This paper argues that we ought to understand the arab spring as transformative revolutionary movement, but one that will be faced with numerous bumps in the road ahead. The arab spring is enormously enlightening and original, a landmark work of a political and historical convulsion of immense proportion and significance.1371 1462 389 1565 387 513 632 179 146 25 1257 173 933 1471 805 1460 1202 832 22 998 1315 937 1649 1475 595 732 579 1125 1 1406 1062 1003 539 991 131 841 743 732 440 1373 881